PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT

       
      The casa hogar has a full-time psychologist who is well trained to support the needs of our children.
   
   

OBJETIVES:

   
       

We maintain an up-to-date and accurate psychological history of each child in an electronic database. Our database is used to diagnosis a child´s condition and used as a tool when developing a plan for his or her care and treatment. We identify each child's capabilities and provide daily activities to treat any weaknesses and instill a sense of personal responsibility.

       
   

DUTIES:

       
       
  • Identify and diagnose psychological conditions to improve the daily life of the child.
  • Evaluate each child and maintain his or her psychological records
    Carry out psychological interventions to improve each child's conduct.
  • Encourage positive reinforcement techniques, both social and academic.
  • Focus on each child's weaknesses inclusive motor and verbal skills.
  • Provide communication, guidance, and love to all of our children who lack adequate individual-functional and social integration skills.
       
      Psychological Evaluation:
       
       

The psychological evaluation is carried out considering the child's partial functions in relation to his/her total functions.

- The intellectual functioning, measures the thinking process' grade of congruity in relation to chronological age, maturity (mental age); the ability to analyze and solve problems quickly and precisely in the shortest time possible; and the extent of vocabulary (Intellectual area).
- The emotional functioning, measures the temperament, the grade of stability in emotional responses, the grade of tolerance in the face of frustration (Personality area).
- Personal and adaptation functioning, measures the ability to overcome problems and the grade of adjustment, adaptation and integration skills. (Personality area).
- Visual and motor functioning, measures visual and motor perception, visual retention, the grade of manual-ocular coordination, visual attention, time and spatial relations (Organization area).
- Language functioning, studies the levels of development of the Receptive Expressive, non-verbal etc. languages.

Sources of Information:
In order to diagnose the child's intelligence, personality, organization abilities, we use the our main sources of information:
- Psychological card.
- Batteries of Psychological Tests (Psychometric, Projective tests)
- Interview.
- Conduct observation technique.

       
      Psycho Pedagogical Evaluation
       
       

Each psychological evaluation is conducted in light of a child´s individual abilities.
1. We measure a child's intellectual level based on age, maturity (mental age), problem solving skills, and vocabulary.
2. We measure each child´s emotional intelligence by focusing on temperament, emotional responses, and tolerance in the face of frustration.
3. We consider each child´s personal skills including: social skills and adaptation and integration skills.
4. We measure visual and motor skills, including: visual and motor perception, visual retention, ocular coordination, visual attention, and time and spatial relations.
5. We measure language functions, including both verbal and non-verbal languages.
6. We rely on the following sources of information when diagnosing each child´s personality, intelligence, and organizational abilities:
Psychological card: Various batteries of psychological tests including: psychometric and projective tests

Interviews

Observation

Evaluations:Based on the results of our psychological evaluations, we implement a program to best care for the child´s unique needs. Children receive intensive treatment during the summer months, January-March, when they are able to receive daily counseling from our in-house psychologists.

       
      Language Therapy
       
       

Speech related deficiencies, particularly stammering are among the most common disorders afflicting our children. Stammering is not generally associated to physical disorders but rather, is consider to be related to psychological disorders.

5% of our children evidence speech deficiencies, including stammering. The first stage of treatment for this disorder consists of reinforcing interpersonal relationships. By giving children specific duties in Santa Martha ´s workshops, we seek to increase self-confidence through controlled rather than impulsive behavior, encourage positive attitudes, self-control, and eliminate feelings of inferiority. 1% of our children show other types of speech disorders, including dislalia, for which treatment is comparable to that provided for stammering..

       
      Behavior Improvement Techniques
       
       

The casa hogar also uses direct and ongoing measures to encourage the children to improve their behavior. This program is administered by the technical team and group leams.

Improved behavior in the children: We employ positive reinforcement techniques to improve the behavior of each child. Each child´s progress is recorded daily. Negative reinforcement techniques are also employed to improve behavior. These techniques are primarily used with our infants.

Time out: When the child insists on defying authority to the detriment of other children, he or she is immediately removed from the group so that he understands such behavior is not appropriate. This technique is used with our younger groups.

       
      Enuresis Program
       
        Approximately 4% of our children (all members of our youngest group) experience daytime enuresis disorders. While treatment for this disorder was 100% successful, 12% of the casa hogar's total population experienced nocturnal enuresis disorders. After receiving the appropriate treatment, 33% managed to overcome the condition and 67% are still undergoing treatment.

       
      Study Skills
       
        All of the children learn study skills in order to enhance their sense of responsibility, punctuality, and motivation for their schoolwork. Their individual performance during study hours is recorded daily.

       
      Encouraging Creativity
       
        Using observation and evaluation techniques, our staff strives to discover each child's inherent talents in order to classify and hone their skills in various areas.

       
      Reinforcement of self-esteem
       
       

Many of our children experience low self-esteem. Upon admission to our program, 49% of our children were deemed “at-risk” and morally abandoned. Many have never received the loving care of an adult. As such, we prioritize providing a healthy, loving routine geared towards discovering each child´s potential. We strive to raise all of our children to be self-confident decision makers.

     
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Address: CPR Picapiedra, Parcela H6. Pachacamac - Lima. Perú. Phone: (511) 231-1323